Avaluation of Multilingual Support in MUAs
Popular MUAs Testing results
 
 
Multilingual Support in Mail Users Agents  Testing results compilation 

MS Windows Products 
Netscape Mail 3.04 
Netscape Messenger 4.04 
Eudora Lite 3.0 
Eudora Pro 3.0 
Microsoft Outlook Express 97 
Pegasus 
Forte Agent 
Esys Simeon 4.01 
The Bat!
UNIX Products 
Pine 
Elm 
mh
X Windows Products 
exmh 
Netscape Mail 3.04 for X Windows 
Netsape Messenger 4.04 for X Windows

Note that some changes can be made in compiled results after finishing whole testing program.
 
MS Windows Products 
 
Netscape Mail 3.04
Language/ Encoding Setting Examination: 
non-ASCII text (8-bit)  
Send/Receive/ 
Attachment
Support of non-ASCII text in RFC 822 message parts/fields Testing: 
Support of non-ASCII text
Notes  
Problems 
Recommendations
            Compose          
  (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List  
* 
Western (Latin 1) 
Central European (ISO) 
Central European (Windows) 
Cyrillic (ISO8859-5) 
Cyrillic (Windows) 
Cyrillic (KOI8-R) 
Greek 
*Turkish 
User Defined 
*Japanese 
*Chinese (Big5) 
*Chinese (GB) 
*Korean
As is 
MIME (QP, BinHex) (attachments)
+ +?*4 +?*4 +** + + +*** + + +?*4 * Setting Language (of 18) for Browser 
** You can change encoding when reading message 
*** Send Cyrillic only in KOI8-R 
*4 Display correctly Messages list if header charset coincide with Selected Document Encoding
Netscape Messenger 4.04 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
Western (Latin 1) 
Central European (ISO) 
Central European (Windows) 
Cyrillic (ISO8859-5) 
Cyrillic (Windows) 
Cyrillic (KOI8-R) 
Greek 
*Turkish 
Unicode UTF7/UTF8 
User Defined 
*Japanese 
*Chinese (Big5) 
*Chinese (GB) 
*Korean
As is 

MIME (QP, Base64) 

UTF7/UTF8 

HTML

+ +*** +*** +** 

+?*6 

+?*7

+*** + +*** 

+*4

+ + +?*5 * Setting Language (of 56) for Browser 
** You canít change encoding for Cyrillic text when reading message 
*** Composed Cyrillic msg always treated as CP1251 and converted to KOI8-R and v.v. according to built-in table KOI8-R<->CP1251  
*4 Send Cyrillic msg only in KOI8-R 
*5 Display correctly Messages list if header charset coincide with Selected Document Encoding 
*6 KOI8-U encoding reduced to KOI8-R 
*7 Correctly support only UTF7, UTF8 encoded message contains unconverted non-ASCII text
Windows Eudora Lite 3.0 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
No Language/Encoding Settings 
(Only Font Display/Print change)
As is 
MIME (QP, BinHex) (attachments)
+** +** +** +** +** +** +?*** + + + * Can not view Source 
* No Settings for Language/Encoding  
** All features are defined by Fonts Screen and Header (for Printing) 
*** Use only charset=ISO8859-1 when sending message As is
Windows Eudora Pro 3.0
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
No Language/Encoding Settings  
(Only Font Display/Print change)
As is 
MIME (QP, BinHex) (attachments) 
uuencode
+** +** +** +** +** +** +?*** + + + * Can not view Source 
* No Settings for Language/Encoding  
** All features are defined by Fonts Screen and Header (for Printing) 
*** Use only charset=ISO8859-1 when sending message As is
MS Outlook Express 97 for Windows 95 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
Baltic Alphabet (ISO, Windows) 
Central European (ISO, Windows) 
Cyrillic (ISO, Windows, KOI8-R, KOI8-RU) 
Greek 
Turkish Alphabet (Turkish Alphabet) 
Universal Alphabet (UTF-7, UTF-8) 
User Defined (no options) 
Western (Western Alphabet - no options)
As is 
MIME (QP, Base64) 
UTF7/UTF8 
HTML 
HTML (Multipart/Alternative)
+ + + +** 

+*5

+*** 

+*6

+ +*4 + + +*5  
** You canít change encoding for Cyrillic text when reading message 
*** Composed Cyrillic msg always treated as CP1251 and converted to KOI8-R/U(RU) 
*4 Send Cyrillic msg in selected Encoding 
*5 Header field in Message windows sometimes displyed non-correctly 
*6 Allow HTML Multipart/Alternative
Pegasus Mail 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
No Language/Encoding Settings 
(No Font Setup - Font select for current message/Window)
As is 
8 bit/MIME**
+** +?** +?** +** +** + +*** + + + * Can not view Source 
* No Settings for Language/Encoding  
** All multilingual features depends on Font setiings (need to switch language for each message) 
*** Use only charset=ISO8859-1 when sending message As is 
Forte Agent 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
All multilingual features depends on Font setiings for Message >Language You can add language and setup default Lang and correspondent fonts
As is + ? + +** +** + +*4       * You can add language and setup default Lang and correspondent fonts 
** All multilingual features depends on Font setiings for Message >Language (need to switch language for each message) 
*** Use only charset iso8859-1 
*4 Can not read QP in Header
ESYS Simeon 4.01 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
No Language/ Encoding Settings 
Allow font setting for different fields and services 

Address book, List, composer, Folder, Message, Printing, Default, Search, Viewer

As is 
No MIME Settings
- -** -** - -*** - -*4 + + -  
** Allow font setting for different fields and services 
*** Reduce typed 8-bit characters to 7-bit 
*4 When Send/Receive can corrupt message based on wrong interpretation of 8 bit chars in Header and Body
The Bat! 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
All multilingual features depends on Font setiings for Message >Language 
I 
nterface Languages 
(English, Russian 
Ukrainian, Romanian, Polish, French, German, Italian, Dutch, Swedish, Lithuanian) 
Cyrillic Translation (DOS-866, KOI8-WIN, WIN-KOI8)
As is 
MIME (QP, Base64) 

uuencode/A

+ + + +** +** + +*** + + 

Base64 
UUE

+** * Can change only Language of Interface  
** All Multilingual Features depend on Font Settings and keyboard 
*** Insert only charset=iso8859-1in Body and Headers 
*4 The Bat! can not change encoding n the fly Ė uses current encoding for reading message
UNIX Products 
 
Pine 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
Languages and Encodings supported are defined by font settings in Terminal Program
As is + + + +** 

+*** 

+ (4) 

+ (5)

+** + + + (6) + +**  
** Depends on Terminal Settings 
*** Only Text displayed 
*4 Unrecognised charsetís are treated according to charset setting 
*5 Donít understand MIME (QP, B) in B, S, A 
*6 Attached images are rejected 
Elm 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
Languages and Encodings supported are defined by font settings in Terminal Program
As is +** +** +** +** 

+*** 

+*4

+** + + +*5 + +**  
** Depends on Terminal Settings 
*** Only Text displayed. Also can reduct 8 bitchars to ASCII 
*4 Displaying and processing of message text depends on SETENV and LOCALE. Otherwise display unknown charset in ???? 
*5 Reject images from forwarded message. However, leave undisplayed characters in original message 
*6 Attached images are rejected  
*7 Donít understand MIME (QP, B) in B, S, A
mh 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
Languages and Encodings supported are defined by font settings in Terminal Program
As is +** +** +** +** 

+***

+** + + + + +** * mh works as set of mail related shell commands 
** Depends on Terminal Settings 
*** Only Text displayed. 
UNIX GUI 
 
exmh 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
8-bit character set: 
ISO8859-1 
ISO8859-2 
ISO8859-5 
koi8-r 
Spesify character for text
As is 
MIME (QP, Base64) 
 
+ + + +** +*** + +*4 + + +*5  
** Message text displayed in message Windows (including MIME encoded strings in Header) according to Font Setting 
*** Use current Keyboard mapping support 
*4 Include charset tag acoording to selected Font/encoding 
*5 Donít understand MIME in header 
*6 Cannot change encoding for displayed message 
Netscape 3.01 for X Windows 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
Western (Latin 1) 
Central European (ISO) 
Central European (Windows) 
Cyrillic (ISO8859-5) 
Cyrillic (Windows) 
Cyrillic (KOI8-R) 
Greek 
*Turkish 
User Defined 
*Japanese 
*Chinese (Big5) 
*Chinese (GB) 
*Korean
As is 
MIME (QP, Base64)
+ + + +** +*** + +?*4 + + +?*5 * Setting Language (of 18) for Browser 
** You canít change encoding for Cyrillic text when reading message 
*** Use features of current Keyboard 
*4 All sent messages have only charset=iso8859-1 
*5 Message list displayed only in Latin1
Netscape Messanger 4.04 Communicator 
Encoding/Language 
Settings
8-bit (As is, MIME (QP, Base64), UTF7/UTF8, HTML) Body Subject Addr. Free 
form 
Read Type Paste Send Fwd msg Attach text Msgs List Notes
* 
Western (Latin 1) 
Central European (ISO) 
Central European (Windows) 
Cyrillic (ISO8859-5) 
Cyrillic (Windows) 
Cyrillic (KOI8-R) 
Greek 
*Turkish 
Unicode UTF7/UTF8 
User Defined 
*Japanese 
*Chinese (Big5) 
*Chinese (GB) 
*Korean
As is 
MIME (QP, Base64) 
UTF7/UTF8 
HTML
+ +*** +*** +** 

+?*6 

+?*7

+*** + +*** 

+*4

+ + +?*5 * Setting Language (of 56) for Browser 
** You canít change encoding for Cyrillic text when reading message 
*4 Send Cyrillic msg only in KOI8-R 
*5 Display correctly Messages list if header charset coincide with Selected Document Encoding 
*6 KOI8-U encoding reduced to KOI8-R 
*7 Correctly support only UTF7, UTF8 encoded message contains unconverted non-ASCII text
 
Multilingual Support in Mail Users Agents Download Word 6.0/95 Table file