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Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. (NIST SP800-145)
TERENA has been involved in Cloud activities since 2010. These activity area pages are intended to link the work that has been taking place in TF-MSP, STORAGE, NREN-Clouds and the ASPIRE foresight study..
The TERENA Compendium of National Research and Education Networks in Europe is the first stop when looking for basic information about NRENs. Published since 2001, the Compendium provides unique information about the development of NRENs in key areas such as legal form, users, network, traffic and budget and staffing. The 2005-2008 editions were part of the GN2 project, providing basic analysis of developments over time and comparisons between groups of NRENs. From 2009, production of the Compendium is supported by the GN3 project.
There has been growing interest in many NRENs in the development and use of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems. This topic is currently being discussed in the TERENA Task Force on the Management of Service Portfolios (TF-MSP).
eduroam, which has been running since 2003, is the educational network roaming infrastructure that allows users from participating institutions to access a wireless LAN at other participating locations using their home institution's credentials. The eduroam infrastructure is based on 802.1X standard technology and RADIUS proxy servers backend.
TERENA Secretariat staff are part of eduroam's European confederation level Operational Team, which is funded by the GN3 project.
The TERENA EuroCAMP (European Campus Architecture Middleware Planning) workshops started in 2005. The aim of EuroCAMP is to reach out to the European campuses and promote state-of-the-art middleware technologies.
GLIF, the Global Lambda Integrated Facility, is an international virtual organisation that promotes the paradigm of lambda networking. GLIF provides lambdas internationally as an integrated facility to support data-intensive scientific research, and supports middleware development for lambda networking. GLIF was established in August 2003.
A Chief Security Officer is usually a senior level executive within an organisation responsible for information security. This may include systems, network and data security; incident response and handling; regulatory compliance; risk management; and disaster recovery. They are commonplace in medium-to-large commercial companies, and are increasingly employed in government and other types of organisation. However, the concept is relatively unknown within the research and education community, and very few NRENs appear to have a designated CSO.
This is a set of workshops in which current and future tools and technologies can be discussed and compared, with a view to further developing the expanding networks.
Network Performing Arts Production (NPAP) workshops facilitate outreach to new user communities in the arts and humanities areas, particularly by demonstrating the use of research networks in supporting real-time musical, dance and artistic performances. Besides building a community with specific requirements in terms of bandwidth, network reliability, jitter and latency, the workshops demonstrate the use of specific audio, video and lighting techniques, tools and applications to support teaching, auditions and remote performances. Finally, the workshops provide opportunities for collaboration among institutions across NRENs, GÉANT and intercontinental research networks.
The Task Force on Enhanced Communication Services (TF-ECS) packaged together previously available open-source software components to create ‘NREN - Enhanced Communications Server’ (N-ECS) images. This package allows easy installation - either on a physical server or a virtual machine - of a fundamental back-end SIP (Sessions Initiation Protocol) server infrastructure for secure videoconferencing, which is preconfigured to allow a quick start. The 'TERENA SIP Handbook' describing the software and documenting the way to install it was also produced by the group. This is targeted at NREN administrators and university campus network administrators.
NRENum.net provides countries, where the Golden ENUM Tree (e164.arpa) is not available, with the possibility to publish ENUM data. The NRENum.net tree is queried by the participating partners in case no ENUM data is found in the Golden Tree. Those countries that have already access to the Golden Tree cannot get a delegation in NRENum.net.
NRENum.net is an effort of National Research and Education Networks (NREN). More information about NRENum.net can be found in the wiki charter. Currently over ten counties participate in NRENum.net.
The primary aim of this project is to develop the first working prototype of an Open Educational Resource portal service, by developing a metadata aggregation engine and a web portal front-end. The objective is to pilot this service for the broader Research and Education Networking Community at the beginning of 2015.
GÉANT Association and ownCloud, Inc., the open source-based, on-premises file sync and share provider, have agreed on a favoured-pricing scheme for GÉANT members and their constituencies. This agreement serves to facilitate the desire of various national research and education networking organisations (NRENs) to introduce services based on ownCloud technology and / or to offer the technology to their constituencies.
REFEDS' mission is to be the voice that articulates the mutual needs of research and education identity federations worldwide. It aims to represent the requirements of research and education in the ever-growing space of access and identity management.
REFEDS addresses to need of existing and emerging e-identity federations
operating in the field of education and research in Europe, Australia, America and Asia to collaborate on inter-federation issues.
The SChema for Academia, SCHAC, is the result of the work carried out in the area of attributes coordination to address inter-institutional data exchange, recognised by the NRENs as a real need.
Since 2003, TACAR (TERENA Academic CA Repository) offers a trustworthy solution to the problem of downloading root CA certificates. The problem that TACAR addresses is the use of Public Key Infrastructures (PKI) and how to get the appropriate root CA certificates needed by browsers in a practical and cost-effective manner. A possible solution that can be applied within the TERENA community is the provision of a trusted repository which contains verified root CA certificates.
The TERENA Certificate Service (TCS) allows a variety of digital certificates to be offered to research and education institutions served by participating National Research and Education Networks (NRENs). TCS takes advantage of a bulk purchasing arrangement whereby NRENs may issue unlimited numbers of certificates for a flat fee. Certificates may be obtained through NRENs that are TCS Participants and are provided by Comodo CA Limited, one of the largest worldwide Certification Authorities.
The TERENA Networking Conference (TNC) is the largest and most prestigious European research networking conference, with more than 650 participants attending this annual event. TNC brings together decision makers, managers, networking and collaboration specialists, and identity and access management experts from all major European networking and research organisations, universities, worldwide sister institutions, as well as industry representatives.
Through keynotes speeches by renowned specialists, varying parallel sessions, demonstrations and presentations, the Conference presents participants with a unique overview of the latest developments in research networking, both in the technical field and in the area of application and management.
In March 2006 IANA assigned the number 25178 as the Enterprise Number for TERENA.
TERENA uses the Enterprise Number 25178 to:
- create and maintain a TERENA OID 188.8.131.52.4.1.25178
- register some RADIUS Attributes
The task force on Communications and Public Relations, TF-CPR, promotes collaboration between research and education networking organisations in Europe in the areas of communications, marketing and public relations, through activities at the level of Communications / PR Officers / Marketing Managers.
TF-CPR is the name of a task force previously known as the Task Force on Public Relations and Information Dissemination, TF-PR, which was first established under the auspices of TERENA on 1 October 2003. In September 2009, the name changed to TF-CPR, the Task Force on Communications and Public Relations, which participants agreed better reflects the broader nature of their activities. TF-CPR is operating with a renewed 2-year mandate, which started on 1 October 2011.
Computer security incidents require fast and effective responses from the organisations concerned. Computer Security Incident Response Teams (CSIRTs) are therefore responsible for receiving and reviewing incident reports, and responding to them as appropriate. TF-CSIRT is a task force that promotes collaboration and coordination between CSIRTs in Europe and neigbouring regions, whilst liaising with relevant organisations at the global level and in other regions.
The development and deployment of mobile technologies and the usage of network middleware to support interoperable roaming services, are becoming key activities among NRENs and academic research institutions.
The TERENA task force on Mobility, which started in 2002, promotes the adoption of such technologies. In September 2008, a change in focus resulted in the renaming of the task force to TF-Mobility and Network Middleware (TF-MNM).
In September 2010, the terms of reference strengthened the mobility areas of the task force, investigating ubiquitous mobility through 3G/LTE/4G services in addition to WiFi and the impact of Location Aware Services. The integration of network middleware to support identity federations and 2-factor authentication were also additions to the focus of the task force.
Again in 2013, a new terms of reference were approved consolidating the focus of the taskforce on areas of Mobility.
Secretarial support for this task force is provided by TERENA with funding from the GN3 project.
The purpose of the task force TF-MSP is to promote collaboration between research and education networking organisations in Europe in the area of management of service portfolios.
A Task Force is established under the auspices of the TERENA Technical Programme to provide a forum for exchanging and promoting ideas, experience and knowledge, as well as fostering collaborations among National Research and Education Networks and academic and research institutions on the topic of:
a) data storage technologies, platforms and architectures including: datacentre storage and distributed storage, storage clusters, grid and cloud storage, object storage and peer-to-peer storage;
b) storage service and resource delivery models: SAN/NAS/DAS, storage virtualization, private, public and community/hybrid storage clouds;
c) data management technologies, approaches and solutions
(e.g., HSM, ILM, iRODS, dCache, OpenStack Swift, Ceph, etc.);
d) data exchange, sharing and synchronization applications and services (e.g., FileSender, ownCloud, PowerFolder, etc.).
Secretarial support for this task force is provided by TERENA with funding from the GN3 project.
WebRTC offers high quality audio/video communication capabilities to anyone with a web browser, capabilities that previously only were available using proprietary systems and software. This creates an opportunity for the European R&E community to solve its real time communication challenges in novel ways. WebRTC may finally offer a path towards a large-scale, low-cost and easy to use real time communication infrastructure for group conversations across institutional boundaries. Whether and how it can deliver on its promise, needs to be investigated. A feature-rich web complemented with real-time communication capability will also offer the opportunity for a more component-based approach to including real-time communication in all sorts of e-Learning and e-Research web applications at a low price point and without locking our community to any particular vendor or solution.
The NREN community needs to prepare for this change in real time communication technology and enable itself to meet the opportunities and challenges with the right and timely response.
TERENA is involved in organising a number of training events, both under the GÉANT project and under its own auspices on demand from the community. These training courses include (but are not limited to) TRANSITS CSIRT Training, federated access training, network monitoring and eduroam administration training.
TRANSITS provides affordable, high-quality training to both new and experienced Computer Security and Incident Response Team (CSIRT) personnel, as well as individuals with a bona-fide interest in establishing a CSIRT. TERENA runs regular training courses within Europe on a cost recovery basis, with financial support from ENISA. The course materials may also be licensed to those wishing to organise their own TRANSITS training courses.
In Europe joint CSIRT activities are undertaken within a cooperative body called TF-CSIRT. To cooperate efficiently and swiftly when security incidents occur, a certain level of mutual trust is needed between CSIRTs. An important pre-requisite for mutual trust is shared and accurate operational knowledge about one another. The TI accreditation service is meant to do just that: facilitate trust by formally accrediting CSIRTs that are ready to take that step.